Safety and Security for All: Bihar 2015
Over the decades, Bihar had witnessed a massive breakdown in law and order. Kidnapping, extortion, murder, dacoity, caste wars, and terror attacks hit different parts of the state repeatedly. The systematic deterioration in law and order made the lives of ordinary people difficult. Citizens were afraid to venture out at night. Businesses and shops closed early. And outsiders feared visiting the state. Bihar’s name had become synonymous with criminals and crime.
The tables have turned ten years later. Both in 2005 and 2010, Nitish Kumar took it upon himself to fulfill the mandate given to him by Bihar’s public. During his three terms as chief minister, the state has seen a dramatic improvement in law and order. His government has cracked down heavily on criminals, ensuring that the police fulfills its duties and those that break the law are put behind bars.
Measures taken by the Govt. of Nitish Kumar
- Focused on reducing kidnapping for ransom and extortion that had struck fear in the heart of the public.
- Initiated strict enforcement of the Arms Act for illegal possession of arms.
- Worked with the judiciary to push forward criminal cases through speedy trials.
- Ensured that powerful criminals, gangsters, and mafia dons did not enjoy impunity, but were caught and criminal proceedings initiated against them.
- Ensured that reporting of crime improved by providing better resources to police stations and training policemen to be responsive to citizens.
- Introduced scientific techniques in the detection and crimes and collection of evidence.
- Established state-level forensic science labs and regional-level forensic science labs at Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur. Mobile forensic labs at Patna, Bhagalpur, and Purnea further boosted the state’s enforcement capacity.
- Installed over 124 CCTV cameras at important intersections in Patna.
- Improved recruitment of police, creating 43,761 new posts and ensuring regular examinations for yearly recruitment.
- Created the State Auxiliary Police Force with 12,000 retired army personnel to supplement the state police’s capacity and resources, and help fight organized crime.
- Focused on improved training of police, including training of 5,155 personnel outside Bihar and 47,770 officers and staff in Bihar.
- Created the Bihar Special Courts Act in 2009 to fast-track criminal cases.
- Set up nearly 40 women police stations between 2005 and 2013 to improve access to police stations for women.
- Completed construction of 241 police station buildings since 2005.
- Allocated 9,187 lakh rupees for the construction of the Bihar police academy.
- Focused on reducing Maoist-related violence through a combination of better policing and development-related initiatives.
- Implemented “Aap Ki Sarkar Aap Ke Dwar” program in 65 panchayats in insurgency-hit areas to encourage citizen participation in government.
The government’s sustained focus on crime-reduction through better policing, training, and resources yielded quick results. With a few months of Nitish Kumar, the state achieved a dramatic fall in number of crimes involving legal or illegal arms, road and bank dacoities, robberies, and kidnapping for ransom.
Achievements & Impact:
- Since 2006, 93,000 criminals have been caught, prosecuted, and put behind bars.
- The state saw 25,000 convictions under the Arms Act in just 3 years.
- Bank robbery saw an 86% drop in just 5 years.
- Kidnapping for ransom saw an 83% drop in just 5 years.
- Bank dacoity saw a 77% drop in just 5 years.
- Sharp fall in insurgency-related violent incidents in the state through programs better policing and programs such as “Aap ki Sarkar Aap Ke Dwar.”
- Better-trained and equipped police in Bihar is now more responsive to fighting crime and criminals.
Today, both citizens and visitors feel safe in Bihar. Residents are no longer afraid to venture out a time. Shops, restaurants, and hotels in cities are open for business till late. Criminals have been brought to justice. And the police and security agencies are well-equipped and ever-vigilant. More importantly, the public’s faith in the government’s ability to maintain law and order has been restored.